The Common Causes of Bleeding Gums and How to Manage It

Bleeding gums are often an indication of poor oral health, but they can also be a sign of a more serious underlying health condition. While minor bleeding is usually nothing to worry about, if you experience frequent or persistent bleeding, it’s important to visit your dentist to investigate the cause.

What Are the Common Causes of Bleeding Gums?

There are many causes of bleeding gums, but here are some of the common reasons:

1. Periodontal Disease

The most common cause of bleeding gums is periodontal disease, also known as gum disease. This is an infection of the gums and the surrounding structures of the teeth. It’s caused by an accumulation of bacteria and plaque that can irritate the gums and cause them to bleed.

2. Poor Oral Hygiene

Another common cause of bleeding gums is poor oral hygiene. Not brushing and flossing regularly can lead to a buildup of bacteria and plaque on the teeth and gums, which can cause irritation and bleeding.

3. Medical Conditions

In addition, certain medical conditions can also cause bleeding gums. These include diabetes, leukemia, and HIV/AIDS. Additionally, people who are taking certain medications, such as blood thinners, can also experience bleeding gums.

4. Hormonal Changes

Finally, hormonal changes can also cause bleeding gums. Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to this, as the increased hormone levels can cause the gums to become more sensitive and susceptible to irritation.

How Can I Manage Bleeding Gums?

Bleeding gums can be a sign of a variety of problems. It can be caused by poor oral hygiene, gingivitis, periodontal disease, or something more serious. It can also be a side effect of certain medications. Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to manage bleeding gums.

The first step is to practice good oral hygiene. Brush and floss your teeth twice a day and use a soft-bristled toothbrush. Also, consider switching to an electric toothbrush, as it can be more effective at removing plaque. Be sure to use fluoride toothpaste to help reduce the risk of cavities.

In addition to brushing and flossing, it’s important to use an antiseptic mouthwash to help reduce bacteria that can lead to gum disease. Be sure to rinse for at least 30 seconds and spit out the solution.

Another way to manage bleeding gums is to reduce your sugar intake. Sugar feeds the bacteria in your mouth, which can lead to gum disease. Try to limit your sugar intake and replace sugary snacks with healthier options.

While these tips may help you, if your bleeding gums don’t improve after making these lifestyle changes, it’s important to visit your dentist. They can assess your condition and determine the underlying cause. They may recommend a scale and polish to remove plaque and tartar buildup. In more serious cases, they may recommend deep cleaning or surgery.


Taking care of your oral health is important to prevent gum disease and other dental problems. In addition to brushing and flossing, it’s important to use an antiseptic mouthwash and reduce your sugar intake. If your bleeding gums don’t improve, you must visit your dentist for a professional assessment and treatment. With proper care and maintenance, you can keep your mouth healthy and free from gum disease to ensure that your oral and overall health is excellent!

Family Dental of Westborough offers the professional dental care patients need to enjoy the best oral health possible. If you are looking for affordable family dental services, book an appointment with us today.

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